Illustrated map of Central London.
Metropolitan Police Historical Timeline
Events from 1946 to date
|1946||Headquarters of the International Police Commission transferred to Paris (from Vienna).
The Metropolitan and City Police Company Fraud Department is formed.
George ABBISS (Assistant Commissioner) retired.
Use of Police dogs began on an experimental basis.
Jan: First Session of the General Assembly of the United Nations held at Central Hall, Westminster.
First commercial flight from Heathrow.
R.L. JACKSON succeeded H M HOWGRAVE- GRAHAM as Secretary.
Jan 3 William JOYCE (Lord Haw-Haw) executed.
Feb: Epsom Police Station reopens following war damage.
First Bananas since the war arrive at London Docks
Mar: Police Act (Amalgamation to come into force 1947). Parts of Herts, Surrey and Kent ceded to the Metropolitan Police.
Mar 11: 'Chief Constable’ rank re-designated ‘Deputy Commander’. ‘Deputy Assistant Commissioner’ re-designated Commander’.
District Commissioners became Commanders.
Apr: New Training School Division formed (TS).
Staines Police Station changed from ‘TS’ to ‘TG’.
Jun: Somers Town Police Station closed.
Victory Celebrations take place. Women Police allowed to take part in VE Parade.
Superintendent Peto retired. Miss Elizabeth Bather, OBE. appointed Superintendent in charge of A.4 Branch. Miss Bather, the daughter of Winchester Housemaster, she had been the youngest J.P. in Hampshire and a member of the local Council before joining the WRAF.
The marriage bar for Women Police was removed.
New style ‘Bather’ uniform for Women Police introduced.
Jun 4: Police exhibition at Brighton.
Jul: Limehouse Police Station opened.
Oct 26: Neville George HEATH executed.
Nov: World War II inscriptions added to the Cenotaph.
Dec: Kensington Police Station opened.
Underground Railway extended from Liverpool Street to Stratford.
|1947||Report by Committee on pay of Chief Constables.
Metropolitan Police faced a deficiency of 4,730 officers as a result of the war.
Jan: 45 Borough Forces amalgamated under the 1946 Police Act.
Apr 3: Last horse cab licence surrendered.
Apr 29: Alec de ANTIQUIS murdered trying to stop smash and grab in Charlotte Street.
Report by Committee of Police Council on Police Uniforms.
First of four reports by the Police Post-War Committee.
Report by the Committee of Police Council on Conditions of Service for the Police.
W.P.S. (CID.) Alberta Watts was the first woman officer to be awarded the Kings Police Medal for Gallantry.
Swimming, tennis, shooting, hockey, athletics and choir sections formed within the Women Police Section of the M.P.A.A. (Metropolitan Police Athletic Association).
Jun: Underground Railway extended to Greenford.
Nov 20: Marriage of Princess Elizabeth to Lt Philip Mountbatten.
Dec: Underground Railway extended to Newbury Park and Woodford.
|1948||Police Pensions Act.
Uniform: Start of the issue of open-neck tunics, two breast pockets with three pointed flaps. Cuffs with inverted ‘V’ or buttons.
Report by the Committee of Police Council on Special Pensions.
Report by Committee on Pay of Superintendents.
Report by Committee of Police Council on Police Rent and Supplementary Allowances.
Oaksey Committee set up on Police Conditions of Service.
National Police College opened at Ryton-on-Dunsmore (subsequently moved to Bramshill in 1960).
Indictable crime rate fell to 126,000 crimes, but that was still 40% higher than before the war.
Women’s Auxiliary Police Corps (WAPC) disbanded.
Women admitted to the Police Federation. The age limit for women was lowered to 20 as an experiment. 18 Pembridge Square was acquired as an additional house to Pembridge Hall Women's Section House.
Peto House in Aybrook Street, named after Miss Peto, replaced Wandsworth Section House for women in training.
Jan: British Transport Commission Police formed upon Nationalisation of railways.
Feb 13: PC 807 ‘Y’ Nathanael EDGAR (Wt No 128623) shot while on plain clothes patrol when questioning a suspect burglar (Donald George THOMAS) in Southgate. Died from wounds.
Apr 16: Capital punishment held in abeyance pending Parliamentary vote. Re-introduced Jun 10.
May 4: PC C. J. HARRIS shot at Forest Gate.
May 29: PC H. KAY shot at Acton.
Jul 30: Criminal Justice Act.
Jul: XIV Olympiad opened at Wembley.
Oct 16: Peter GRIFFITHS sentenced to death for murder of Jun Anne DEVANEY.
Nov: First part of the Metropolitan Police Laboratory moved from Hendon to New Scotland Yard (Second part moved in Jan 1949).
Dec 31: Metropolitan Police War Reserves disbanded.
|1949||Report by Lord OAKSEY’s Committee on Police Conditions of Service recommended small increase in pay and London weighting.
Sir W ARBUTHNOT LANE appointed Chief Commandant of the Metropolitan Police Special Constabulary (until 1958).
School Crossing Patrols introduced (250 recruited).
Uniform: Blue shirts and black ties introduced for Pcs and PSs
Cricket and Walking women sections formed in the Women Police Section of M.W.A.A. Establishment for Women -338. Strength 235 uniform and 21 CID.
Jan: Second part of the Metropolitan Police Laboratory moved from Hendon to New Scotland Yard.
Jun 30: Ranks in Metropolitan Police altered:
Introduction of the Chief Superintendent Rank (Police Order 30 June 1949)
Superintendent to Chief Superintendent
Chief Inspector to Superintendent
1st Chief Inspector and Sub-Divisional Inspector to Superintendent
Sep: Central Line Underground extended beyond Loughton and Epping.
|1950||The Metropolitan Police Roll of Honour, displaying the names of officers killed in the 1914 - 1918 and 1939 - 1945 wars, was unveiled at Westminster Abbey by the Queen.
First women Special Constables recruited.
Feb: General Election - Labour returned by small majority.
Mar: Arthur E. YOUNG (Assistant Commissioner ‘D’) succeeded Sir Hugh TURNBULL (retired) as Commissioner for City of London Police.
Mar 9: Timothy John EVANS executed.
Apr: Captain RYMER-JONES appointed Assistant Commissioner ‘D’.
Uniform: Open neck tunics extended to all Divisions.
May 26: Petrol Rationing ceased.
Oct 2: New Legal Aid Scheme,
|1951||Commissioner Harold Scott introduced training of cadets aged 16 - 18 to become police officers.
May: South Bank Exhibition and Battersea Pleasure Gardens.
Jun 14: Long Service and Good Conduct Medal for 22 years service introduced.
Jun 25: First batch of Metropolitan Police Cadets started training at Hendon.
Aug 4: Amalgamation of A.R.O. 2 (Bethnal Green) with A.R.O. 1 at Piccadilly Place.
Sep: Temporary Police Station at South Bank Exhibition subsequently re-used for the first Feltham Police station (until 1971).
Metropolitan Women Police Sports Club formed. Netball section formed.
Oct 25: General Election.
Oct 27: John STRAFFEN committed to Broadmoor.
|1952||Sir (Stanislaus) Joseph BAKER appointed Receiver.
The Dixon Report advocated many changes in the Metropolitan Police, including greater civilianisation.
Special Escort Group created for state visits and ceremonial occasions.
Women Police first took part in Nijmegen Marches.
Feb 2: Death of King George VI.
Jul: Last London Tram at New Cross Depot.
Oct 8: Harrow and Wealdstone train crash.
Nov 2: PC 5000 ‘Z’ Sidney George MILES (Wt No 119962) shot dead while attempting the arrest of two suspects on a warehouse roof in Croydon (CRAIG and BENTLEY case).
|1953||Commissioner Sir Harold Scott retired. Succeeded by Sir John NOTT-BOWER.
Recruitment of Civilian Fingerprint Officers.
Superintendent rank re-graded into Grades I and II.
Jan 28: Derek BENTLEY executed for murder of Pc 550’Z’ Sidney Miles at Croydon in Nov 1952
Jun 4: Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II.
Women Police were put in charge of 30,000 school children who were given viewing places along Victoria Embankment, for the Coronation.
Police Council established; election of Federation women advisers.
First Aid Competition for Grace Lucas Trophy introduced.
Jun 26: Introduction of Research and Planning Branch.
Jul 1: Re-organisation of the force (Implementation of Part 1 of Dixon Report).
Jul 15: John Reginald Halliday CHRISTIE executed for multiple murders at 10 Rillington Place.
Oct: Television used for the first time in England in a murder hunt. Photographs of William PETIT televised in connection with murder of Rene Agnes BROWN at Chislehurst on 9 October.
|1954||Serious understaffing problems with the force of only 16,000 and needed an estimated 4,000 men, mainly police constables
Uniform: Women police (Sergeants and Constables) change from ‘MP’ on shoulder to divisional letter (Police Order 26 January 1954).
CID attachments and nylon stockings for women introduced.
Drug Squad created.
Jan 1: Mrs Styllou CHRISTOFI executed.
Feb: Truth Drugs used for first time in murder investigation in England (Raymond Harold BARKER).
May 19: Queen’s Police Medal instituted (superseding the former King’s Police and Fire Service Medal).
Jun 6: New Dog Training establishment opened at Layhams Road, West Wickham.
Jul 14: Royal Review of police in Hyde Park.
Aug 9: Civil Staff took over Public Carriage Office.
Sep: Crystal Palace (High Level) railway station together with Upper Sydenham, Lordship Lane and Honor Oak Station.
|1955||Railways at standstill for 17 days.
Awards of the George Medal to W.P.S. Ethel Bush and W.P.C. Kathleen Parrott for courage by acting as decoys for sex attackers.
Recruitment of civilian Photographers and Vehicle Examiners.
Jun 21: Ruth Ellis found guilty. Executed Jul 13.
Jun 24: Formation of Central Traffic Squad.
Jul 13: Last woman executed - at Holloway - Ruth Ellis.
Aug 13: Armed Irish raid at Arborfield, Berks.
Dec: United Kingdom Police Unit set up during the conflict in Cyprus.
A suburban electric train from Waterloo ran into rear of steam freight train at Barnes, killing 11 passengers and 2 crew.
|1956||The flying squad made over 1,000 arrests, a record since its formation.
International Police Commission renamed as International Criminal Police Organisation (Interpol).
The Dixon Committee recommended an increase in Women Police establishment to 656.
Formation of Traffic Control Room - at Wellington Arch Police Station.
Feb: First Routemaster Buses entered service on Route 2 (Crystal Palace - Golders Green).
Yellow Lines first introduced - Slough.
Apr 17: Visit to U.K. of Marshall BULGANIN and Mr. KRUSCHEV.
Jun 15: Two men sentenced at the Central Criminal Court for wounding Jack SPOT alias COMER.
Jul: Phonetic Alphabet introduced (1A now ‘Alpha One’).
Dec: Kensington Police Station opened.
|1957||New Information Room opened at New Scotland Yard.
Feb: New Boreham Wood police station replaces Shenley.
Oct 31: Report by Committee on Interception of Communications (telephone tapping).
Dec: Hendon Aerodrome closed.
90 killed in Lewisham Train crash. Women Police manned first casualty bureau.
Women Officers served with the British Police Unit in Cyprus.
|1958||Commissioner Sir John NOTT-BOWER retired. Succeeded by Sir Joseph SIMPSON.
Uniform: ‘Noddy’ helmets introduced for officers on motorcycles (Police Order 9 May 1958).
Badminton Section of Women Police Sports Club formed.
Capt C D JACKMAN appointed Chief Commandant of the Metropolitan Police Special Constabulary (until 1967).
Public Records Act 1958 - Metropolitan Police to release certain records to the Public Record Office.
May: 6-week London Bus Strike commenced.
May 29: Peter MANUEL found guilty of murder of seven persons (Glasgow High Court). Executed Jul 11.
Aug 31: Notting Hill ‘Affray’.
Dec 14: PC Raymond Henry SUMMERS stabbed in the back while breaking up a gang fight in Seven Sisters Road, Holloway.
|1959||Indictable offences reached over 160,000, the highest recorded to that year.
Uniform: Capes withdrawn as part of police uniform (Police Order 1 May 1959).
Uniform: Gloves for Sergeants and Constables - black leather.
Uniform: Addition of patched waist pockets with three pointed flaps and waist belt for senior officers. Four buttons down front.
Archivist appointed for Metropolitan Police - a statutory obligation.
Rank of Superintendent Grade II abolished.
Street Offences Act introduced. A4.Central Index of Prostitutes formed. Women Detective Constables appointed to Flying Squad. Women Police Establishment 575: Strength 429 Uniform and 49 CID.
Mar: Morris Mini unveiled to the public.
Mar 19: Ronald MARWOOD sentenced to death for murder of PC in Holloway.
Jul 13: DS Raymond William PURDY (Wt No 128057) shot dead by a prisoner (PODOLA) escaping arrest in South Kensington.
Oct 27: Abolition of the rank of Superintendent Grade II other than for women police.
Dec: Croydon Airport closed.
|1960||PC Leslie Edwin Vincent MEEHAN struck by motor car after he was thrown off a car which had driven off after he had been questioning the driver about stolen property in Woolwich.
Criminal Intelligence Section formed.
Uniform: ‘Shirt Sleeve Order’ introduced.
Introduction of Parking meters; Women Police employed on scooters.
Apr 8: Re-organisation of the Metropolitan Police Cadet Corps.
Sep 13: C.10 formed for work in connection with stolen motor vehicles.
Sep 16: Introduction of the Traffic Warden Scheme. Creation of the Central Ticket Office.
Nov 2: Penguin Books acquitted at the Central Criminal Court of publishing an obscene article (Lady Chatterley’s Lover).
Nov 18: Announcement of Royal Commission on the Police Service. (The ‘Willink’ Commission).
|1961||William Herbert CORNISH appointed Receiver.
The Receiver's Office moved from New Scotland Yard to new premises at Tintagel House.
The minicab arrived on the London scene and action by the Metropolitan Police resulted in 24 convictions for illegal plying for hire.
Police Federation Act 1961 gave Women Police full representative and voting rights. Introduction of the National First Aid Competition.
Mar: Formation of the Metropolitan Police Frogman Unit. (Police Order 24 March 1961).
Mar 3: Mrs Elsie BATTEN murdered in Soho - First time Identikit picture used to apprehend killer (Edwin BUSH) in England.
Mar 15: Arthur JONES sentenced at the Central Criminal Court for rape of 11- year-old Girl Guide. Subsequently convicted for the murder of another Girl Guide.
Mar 22: LONSDALE/KROGERS/GEE/HOUGHTON case at the Central Criminal Court.
May 3: George BLAKE sentenced to 42 years at Central Criminal Court for spying.
May 11: Review of Security procedures and practice in the public service (Chairman Lord RATCLIFFE).
Jun 3: Insp Philip PAWSEY and SPS Frederick George HUTCHINS shot by a man escaping from questioning in West Ham Police Station.
Aug 21: Goya’s Duke of Wellington portrait stolen from National Art Gallery.
|1962||The rate of indictable crimes for the year reached an all time high - 214,120.
Feb 18: HANRATTY sentenced to death for A6 murder.
Mar: New Addington Estate Police Office opened.
Apr 4: RADCLIFFE report published - ‘Security Procedures in the Public Service.
May: Last London Trolley Bus at Fulwell garage.
May 25: Formation of Working Party to examine organisation and duties of Women Police. Age limit to join reduced to 19 years.
Jun 5: Working Party appointed to examine the organisation and duties of the C.I.D. in Divisions.
Jun 30: First programme in ‘Police Five’ Series.
|1963||The Commissioner, Joseph SIMPSON, stressed the need for the Beat System to reduced motorised patrols and deter incidents of crime.
The first computer to be used by the Metropolitan Police (an ICT 1301) was set up in the Receiver’s Office for use on pay and crime statistics.
Recruitment of Explosives Officers.
Jul 5: B.10 Accident Research Branch formed.
Jul 22: Stephen WARD trial at the Central Criminal Court.
Aug 7: Great Train Robbery in Bedfordshire.
Sep: Dartford Tunnel Traffic Officers formed.
Dec 6 - Christine KEELER sentenced at the Central Criminal Court to 9 months for perjury and conspiracy to obstruct the course of justice.
|1964||The worst year so far this century for crime, with over a quarter of a million indictable crimes.
Licensing Act 1964.
Award of the George Medal to W.P.C. Margaret Cleland for courage in rescuing a known deranged man and his child from a roof.
The Police Act. Much of the 19th century police legislation repealed. Functions and duties of police authorities, Home Secretary and chief constables defined.
Feb 1: Regional Crime Squads became operative in the Metropolitan Police District.
Jul 31: Inquiry into the case of DS CHALLENOR. Police faced major criticism and complaints as a result of the CHALLENOR case in which a policeman was diagnosed as paranoid schizophrenic and made infamous for planting evidence.
Aug 13: Last Executions - Peter ALLEN (Walton prison, Liverpool) and Gwynne EVANS (Strangeways prison, Manchester).
Suspension of death penalty for trial period.
Aug 21: Start of ‘Scotland Yard Calling’ on B.B.C.
Sep 22: Explosives Officers appointed to Metropolitan Police Forensic Science Laboratory.
Dec: New Sectional Police Station opens at Esher replacing the old Constabulary station acquired in 1947.
|1965||Personal Radios introduced.
Administrative Units created at Police Stations
Central Surveillance of the M4 motorway.
Uniform: Traffic Division officers carry separate shoulder letters ‘TD’ instead of sub-divisional codes.
Jan 26: Death of Sir Winston CHURCHILL.
Apr: Special Patrol Group formed, comprising 100 officers. It arrested 396 people in its first 9 months of operation. Under Command of CO (A2) Branch.
Apr 1: Greater London Council formed, replacing LCC. Administrative County of Middlesex abolished.
Revision of Divisional and Metropolitan Police District in consequence of the London Government Act 1963 (Police Order 6 August 1964).
‘Q’ Division established, covering Brent, Harrow and Bushey.
Romford Division transferred to the Met from Essex Constabulary, covering new London Borough of Havering (Later transferred to Essex Police in 1974.
Sep 3: Appointment of Identikit Operators - attached to C.11.
Oct 26: Parliamentary Bill came into force abolishing Death Penalty for trial period.
|1966||‘Two tone’ air horn sirens introduced on Rover police cars.
Metropolitan Police Clerical Staff assist at Court.
Notting Hill Carnival founded.
Mar: George Cornwell shot dead in ‘Blind Beggar’, Mile End Gate. by Ronnie Kray
Sydenham Police Station opened.
May 6: Ian BRADY and Myra HINDLEY sentenced to life imprisonment at Chester Assizes.
Jun: Wood Street Police Station (City) opened, replacing Cloak Lane.
Jul: Ealing Police Station opened.
World Cup played at Wembley (England 4, West Germany 2).
Aug 12: DS Christopher Tippett HEAD, PC Geoffrey Roger FOX and TDC Stanley Bertram WOMBWELL members of ‘Q’ Car F11 shot dead as they questioned three suspects in a van at Shepherds Bush (DUDDY, ROBERTS and WITNEY).
Oct: Harefield Police Office re-opened.
Oct 12: Report of Enquiry into the case of Timothy EVANS, EVANS granted posthumous pardon.
Oct 23: George BLAKE escaped from Wormwood Scrubs.
Nov 15: Harry ROBERTS captured at Bishop’s Stortford. (Re murder of three police officers in Shepherds Bush).
Dec 12: Harry ROBERTS sentenced to 30 years imprisonment for Shepherds Bush murders.
Dec 22: Report by Mountbatten Enquiry into Prison Escapes and Security published.
|1967||Kenneth Alfred Lamport PARKER appointed Receiver.
First Black Police Officer - Norwell ROBERTS.
Introduction of Civilian Vehicle Removers, Communication Officers, Driving Instructors and Process Servers.
Mr A A HAMMOND appointed Chief Commandant of the Metropolitan Police Special Constabulary (until 1988).
Jan 3: Appointment of Public Relations Officer (Mr. G. D. GREGORY, O.B.E., D.S.C.).
Feb: Commissioner’s Office and Receiver’s Office move from the Norman Shaw building to a new building in Broadway, SW1. The name ‘New Scotland Yard’ is retained.
Feb 3: P.A. Management Consultants Limited appointed to investigate distribution of functions and responsibilities within the Metropolitan Police.
Feb 21: Force Inspectorate set up.
Mar 1: Unit Beat Policing first used in the Metropolitan Police District (‘P’- Bromley and ‘Q - Harlesden Divisions) (Panda Cars).
Mar 6: Commencement of experimental scheme in use of helicopters by police.
Apr: Seat Belts introduced.
Apr 11: ‘Scotland Yard’ - television programme on the work, history and personalities of the old building.
Apr 14: Police Order concerning opening of police post on M4 motorway at Heston.
May: Thames Division at Hampton moved to new location at Platts Eyot.
May 17: Armorial Bearings granted by Queen Elizabeth II. Royal Licence. Queen and H.R.H. Prince Philip handed colours to Metropolitan Police at the new Broadway Headquarters.
Jun 8: Charles RICHARDSON sentenced to 25 years at the Central Criminal Court.
Jun: Welling Police office opened.
Radlett Police Office opened.
New Blackwall Tunnel opened.
Jul: Breathalyser introduced.
Aug: New Cadet Centre opened at Wanstead.
Aug 2: Report by the Public Accounts Committee of the House of Commons criticised cost of new Headquarters for the Metropolitan Police stated to have been four times the original estimate.
Aug 9: Formation of the Public Relations Department.
Aug 29: Twenty Chinese officials attacked police outside Chinese Legation in London.
Sep: The ‘Job’ newspaper published.
Sep 15 - Uniform: Police Order concerning new style uniform for the Metropolitan Police Women Police.
Oct: Research and Development Branch re-organised.
Nov 5: 49 killed in Hither Green Railway Accident.
Nov 11: Metropolitan Police newspaper ‘The Job’ commenced publication.
Dec 14: Police Order concerning the merger of the Commissioner’s Office and the Receiver’s Office with effect from April 1, 1968.
Dec: New hostel for WPCs opened at Canadian Avenue, Catford SE6.
|1968||Merger of Commissioner’s Office and Receiver’s Office.
Post of Director of Finance introduced.
Post of Director of Administration introduced.
Police National Computer Unit set up.
Scenes of Crime Officer scheme introduced.
West London Traffic experiment - First use of computer to control traffic.
Jan: First black woman PC - Sislin Fay ALLEN (The Job, 5 January 1968).
Uniform: New style Women Police uniform designed by Norman Hartnell introduced.
Mar 19: P.A. Management Consultants Ltd. final report and recommendations.
Mar 20: Death of Commissioner, Sir Joseph SIMPSON, in office. Succeeded by Sir John WALDRON.
Apr 1: Unified Metropolitan Police Civil Staff under the Receiver.
May 31: Peel House closed as Police Training Unit.
Jun: New Metropolitan Police Cadet School at Hendon became operational.
Jun 26: Report of Fulton Committee on the Civil Service.
Jul 1 - Uniform: Armlets withdrawn (Police Order 21 June 1968).
Sep: Victoria Line (Tube) opened by Queen Elizabeth II. Walthamstow to Highbury and Islington.
Sep 14: Extensive flooding in various part of the Metropolitan Police District.
Sep 24: Scenes of Crime Branch to be established in ‘C’ Department.
Oct: Grosvenor Square riots outside US Embassy.
Dec 17: Mary BELL sentenced to life detention at Newcastle Assizes for manslaughter of two boys.
|1969||PC Michael John DAVIES fatally stabbed while off after identifying himself to warn a man who had accosted him. He had recently been the ‘star’ of a recruiting film made by the Metropolitan Police.
Abolition of Capital Punishment.
Serious Crime Squad became permanent.
Clear up rate on indictable offences reached 28%, the best since 1957.
Metropolitan Police Officers sent to offer assistance in the Anguilla crisis.
Juvenile Bureaux introduced (Police Order 31 January 1969).
Women Police Officers achieve equality in pay. Chief Superintendent Becke became the first woman Commander. Women Police Establishment 629. Strength 515 uniform and 77 CID.
Feb 18: Raymond MORRIS sentenced at Staffordshire Assizes to life imprisonment for murder of Christine DARBY.
Mar: Victoria Line extended from Warren Street to Victoria.
Mar 5: KRAY Twins sentenced at the Central Criminal Court to life imprisonment for murder.
Apr: Knockholt Police Station (PT) handed back to Kent Constabulary.
Jun 1: Re-grading of ranks, both uniform and C.I.D., men and women: Commander re-designated Deputy Assistant Commissioner. Deputy Commander re-designated Commander. Superintendent re-designated Chief Superintendent (no Superintendent rank).
Jul: First Sikh PC, Piara Singh KENTH (formerly of the Kenya Police Force).
Jul 20: Approval by the Queen for the letters ‘K.P.M’., ‘K.P.F.S.M’. or ‘Q.P.M.’ to be used after surname.
Sep: Squatters in possession of 144 Piccadilly.
Oct 10: John BLOOM fined £20,000 at the Central Criminal Court in connection with Rolls Razor washing machine company.
|1970||Women Officers joined the Mounted Branch.
Jan 28 - Uniform: First British Police Officer to wear turban - Kenya-born Special Constable Harbans Singh JABBAL at East Ham.
Jul 23: Two C.S. canisters thrown into the House of Commons Chamber from the Strangers Gallery.
Jul 24: Police Box system discontinued.
Oct 6: Nizamodeen and Arthur HOSEIN found guilty at the Central Criminal Court of the murder of Mrs Muriel McKAY and sentenced to life imprisonment.
|1971||The Commissioner, Sir John WALDRON, in his annual report said, ‘With deep and lasting traditions the Metropolitan Police is an impressive institution by every standard and in any company in the world.’
Computerisation of police personnel and Criminal Records.
Withdrawal of ‘Panda’ Cars.
Women appointed dog handlers.
Jan: Protective Shields to be available to police.
Mar: Surrey Canal closed from Addington Basin, Camberwell and Canal Head, Peckham to Surrey Docks.
Jul: Victoria Line tube extended from Victoria to Brixton.
Aug 23: Supt RICHARDSON shot while grappling with gunman in Blackpool.
Oct: Armed Forces Constabularies amalgamated to form Ministry of Police (MOD).
Oct 10: Frederick Joseph SEWELL arrested and charged with the murder of Supt RICHARDSON.
Oct 31: Bomb explosion at the Post Office Tower.
Nov: Traffic Patrols vacate Trio Place for new premises at Maltby Street, Bermondsey (TDM).
Dec 1: Jack PRESCOTT sentenced to 15 years at the Central Criminal Court in connection with explosions in London and other cities.
Dec 13: Edward PAISNEL sentenced to 30 years imprisonment for offences against juveniles in JERSEY.
|1972||Commissioner, Sir John WALDRON retired. Succeeded by Sir Robert MARK.
Rank of Superintendent re-introduced. Rank of Station Police Sergeant started to be phased out.
Women appointed to Traffic Division.
Uniform: New ‘Surrey’ style uniform for Women Police introduced.
Anguilla attachment disbanded.
Feb 22: Aldershot bomb explosion.
Apr: New Police Station at 21 Fortune Green Rd, West Hampstead (‘E’) replaces old station at 90 West End Lane (‘S’).
Apr 24: Administrative changes in control and supervision of the Force (interchange: uniform, C.I.D., Traffic, A.10).
Jun 18: Trident air crash at Staines.
Jun 29: Graham YOUNG sentenced to life imprisonment for murdering workmates by administering thallium poisoning.
Aug - Uniform: Women Police issued with white cotton gloves for ceremonial wear (Police Order 25 August 1972).
Sep 22: Police Order regarding integration of Women Police within the Force structure.
Dec 6: Four members of the Angry Brigade jailed at the Central Criminal Court for conspiracy to cause explosions.
Dec 27: Robbery at National Westminster Bank in Kensington High Street - PC SLIMON, although shot and injured, shot dead one raider and wounded another.
|1973||PC Michael Anthony WHITING killed after clinging to a car which had driven off after he had stopped and questioned the driver in Charing Cross Road.
Commissioner, Sir Robert MARK, worked to restore the integrity of the Metropolitan Police and 90 officers leave as a result.
The Commissioner established better relations with the media by setting out a policy of openness.
Jan: Re-organisation of Traffic Division from 8 Areas into 6 and creation of a HQ Unit (B8).
Jan 1 - Uniform: Introduction of ‘diced’ cap bands. (Police Order 2 January 1973).
Feb 4: Closure of A.4 Branch (Women Police). Women Police formally integrated into the Metropolitan Police. Equal rights of training, duties, promotion etc. Separate establishments abolished. Commander Shirley Becke appointed to Inspectorate.
Feb 20: Incident at Indian High Commission. Two Pakistani youths shot dead.
Mar 3: Bombs damaged the Central Criminal Court and Ministry of Agriculture. Bomb found outside New Scotland Yard in car parked in Broadway - defused.
May 24: Security Commission set up to investigate possible breaches of security (Mr LAMBTON / Lord JELLICOE).
Sep 18: Police Order regarding conversion to automatic working of the Metropolitan Police telephone system.
Nov 14: Wedding of Princess Anne.
Eight members of the I.R.A. sentenced for their part in London bomb outrages.
|1974||Ronald James GUPPY appointed Receiver.
Bomb outrages continued throughout the year.
Feb 11: POULSON / POTTINGER sentenced.
Mar 20: Ian BALL attempted to kidnap Princess Anne in the Mall.
Apr 1: Force Strength - 26,049, Population of London - 7,902,904.
Apr 13: Kenneth LENNON’s body found in ditch in Surrey.
May 31: Peel Centre, Hendon opened by the Queen.
Jun 15: Red Lion Square demonstration.
Jul 21: Police National Computer commenced operation with the Central Vehicle Index.
Nov 1: Metropolitan Police assumed responsibility for policing Heathrow Airport from BAA Constabulary (AD).
Nov 7: Murder of Sandra RIVETT - subsequent disappearance of Lord LUCAN.
|1975||Bomb outrages continued throughout the year.
The Commissioner made an appeal on television for ethnic minority recruits.
Female Cadets introduced.
Jan 14: Lesley WHITTLE kidnapped.
Feb 26: PC Stephen TIBBLE shot while off duty pursuing a suspected terrorist.
Feb 28: Accident at Moorgate underground station. 43 people died and 74 injured.
‘Confidential Informations’ ceased Saturday publication.
Mar 7: Body of Lesley WHITTLE found.
Mar 21: John STONEHOUSE, M.P. and Sheila BUCKLEY arrested in Australia.
Jun 5: E.E.C. Referendum.
Jul: Piccadilly line Heath Row extension extended to Hounslow West and Hatton Cross.
Aug: Trinity Road Police Station (Wandsworth Common) on ‘W’ Division closed.
Aug 29: Explosives Officer, Captain R. P. GOAD, killed by the explosion of a terrorist bomb which he was attempting to defuse in Kensington.
Sep 28: Spaghetti House siege.
Oct 23: Professor Gordon Hamilton FAIRLEY killed by bomb placed under car.
Nov 16: Aloi KALOGHIROU kidnapped.
Nov 21: Patrick MacKAY sentenced at the Central Criminal Court.
Nov 27: Ross McWHIRTER shot dead.
Dec 6: Balcombe Street siege.
|1976||Richard Austin JAMES appointed Receiver.
Continuing I.R.A. terrorist activity during first part of year.
Police use protective shields used for first time - in Lewisham.
First Woman Chief Superintendent appointed to take charge of a subdivision.
The Metropolitan Women Police Association formed by Chief Superintendent Greta Drinkwater.
Feb: Concorde’s first flight from Heathrow.
Mar 15: Mr Julius STEPHEN, West Indian driver of underground train, shot dead near West Ham.
Apr 9: Peter HAIN found not guilty of stealing £400 from a Putney Bank in October 1975.
May: New Barnes Police Station opened.
May 11: George DAVIS released.
Jul 1: Donald NEILSON found guilty at Oxford Crown Court of murder of Lesley WHITTLE.
Aug: Police Act of 1976 received Royal Assent (An Act to establish a Police Complaints Authority).
Aug 30: Notting Hill Carnival. Major rioting in which more than 400 officers and civil staff were injured.
Sep - Uniform: White shirts replaced blue shirts for Sergeants and Constables (Police Order 2 July 1976).
Oct 1: George Cross awarded to the late Captain GOAD.
Nov: Trial of ‘Porn Squad’ Detectives.
Nov 27: ‘Peace in Ulster’ rally in Trafalgar Square.
|1977||First female Traffic Officer - Dee O’Donoghue
Jan 11: May WONG, leader of ‘Triad’ drugs gang, jailed at the Central Criminal Court for 14 years.
Jan 28: Protective shields to be issued to the Metropolitan Police - Home Secretary’s announcement to the House of Commons.
Jan 29: Bomb blasts in the West End.
Feb 9: Balcombe Street gang sentenced at the Central Criminal Court.
Feb 28: Trial at the Central Criminal Court of ex-Commander VIRGO and Ex Chief Supt MOODY and others.
Mar: Marylebone Lane police Station closed.
Mar 12: Commissioner, Sir Robert MARK, Q.P.M. retired superseded by Mr David Blackstock McNEE, Q.P.M.
May 6: The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh visited Peel Centre, Hendon.
Jun 1: Police Complaints Board became operative.
Jun 7: Silver Jubilee Bank Holiday.
Jun 13: Start of Grunwick mass picket.
Aug: Introduction of ‘anti-riot’ helmets.
Aug 13: National Front march through Lewisham.
Aug 15: National Front rally at Birmingham.
Aug 26: ‘Scarman’ report on Grunwick published.
Aug 27: Notting Hill Carnival.
Sep: New Addington Estate Police Office closed.
Oct 28: Home Secretary opened the Fingerprint Videofile Computer.
Dec: Piccadilly line tube extended to Heathrow.
|1978||An enquiry into police pay by Lord EDMUND-DAVIES resulted in higher allowances and better pay to officers.
Issue of new style warrant card with photograph (Police Order 1 September 1978).
A First Aid team of women of the Metropolitan Police win the Grand Prior First Aid trophy a competition against leading teams from the commercial world.
Uniform: New style uniforms for Women Police introduced with ‘Butcher Boy’ hat. (Reverted to ‘Surrey hat 1979).
Georgy Markov murder on Waterloo Bridge by East European agent injecting miniature metal pellet into his leg.
Nov 13: Brick Lane police office opened at 66 Brick Lane E1 (HR).
Nov: Thames Division contingent transferred from Erith to Blackwall.
Ruston Place (formerly Rillington Place) (Christie murders) renamed Bartle Road.
|1979||The Metropolitan Police celebrated its 150th year.
A new Force Inspectorate was formed to provide a close and continuing assessment of the efficiency of all units of the force.
First female dog handler - Nicola Gray (Police Review 24 April 1987).
Feb 19: 60th Anniversary reception and Reunion Dinner of Metropolitan Women Police Association. Women Police Strength on 1st January 1979 was 1498. 5000th woman joined the service on 19th February - 60 years after the first group left training class.
May: Jubilee Line opened between Charing Cross and Stanmore.
Sep 3: Blackwall Police Station (Thames Police) closed.
|1980||Alexander Douglas Gordon-Brown appointed Receiver.
PC Francis Joseph O’NEILL stabbed by suspect attempting to obtain drugs from a chemist’s shop in Lambeth.
Iranian Embassy siege brought to a successful conclusion after co-operation between the Metropolitan Police and the Special Air Service Regiment.
Formation of the Metropolitan Police Air Support Unit with its own Bell 222 helicopter.
Uniform: Introduction of new style tunic with no epaulettes or waist belt. Two breast pockets each with button and flap. Four buttons down front. (PO 25 of 22/8/1980).
Jan: Last Station Police Sergeant post with the retirement of SPS William Palmer from Highbury Corner Magistrates Court.
|1981||May: Brixton Riots involved the Metropolitan Police in the largest civil disturbance in the 20th century.
Jul: The Royal Wedding of Prince Charles to Lady Diana Spencer.
Oct 26: Mr Kenneth HOWORTH, explosives officer, fatally wounded while investigating a suspect bomb in Oxford Street.
|1982||Sir David McNEE retired. Succeeded as Commissioner by Sir Kenneth NEWMAN.
‘Confidential Informations’ reduced to Tuesday and Thursday publication.
Inception of the Royalty Protection Department (Police Order 1 October 1982).
Mar: Part of Denham in District of South Bucks transferred from Thames Valley to the Met as part of ‘X’ District.
Apr-May: Introduction of Wheel Clamps
|1983||With the aid of the Metropolitan Police Policy Committee, Sir Kenneth NEWMAN devised a new statement of the Principles of Policing and in doing so revised and extended the primary objects of policing established by Richard MAYNE and Col. Sir Charles ROWAN in 1829.
Sep: First Woman Police Constable on Thames Division - Anne HUNT (‘The Job’ 23/9/1893).
Jul 1: ‘Met sound’ sirens introduced on police cars.
Dec: WPC Jane Philippa ARBUTHNOT, PS Noel Joseph LANE and Insp Stephen John DODD killed by I.R.A. bomb explosion at Hans Crescent, Kensington.
|1984||WPC Yvonne Joyce FLETCHER murdered by gunfire from the Libyan People’s Bureau, St James’s Square.
PC Stephen John JONES run down attempting to stop drunken drivers for speeding on Seven Sisters Road, Holloway.
PC Jon GORDON lost both legs and part of a hand in the I.R.A. bomb attack on Harrods in 1983/ On 10 December 1984 he resumes duty by walking unaided up the steps of his new office.
Uniform: White cap covers issued to Traffic Officers, Constable to Chief Superintendent. (Police Order, 7 February 1984).
Shoeblacks - No further licences granted under the Metropolitan Streets Act 1867.
Jun: London Regional Transport Act. All offences on London Buses dealt with by Met instead of the British Transport Police.
|1985||Station Police Sergeant (SPS) rank ceased. New Custody Officer appointed (Sergeant). Charge Room to be known as the Custody Suite.
Sep 23: Force Reorganisation - Eight Areas Established (Police Order 30 Aug 1985).
Oct 6: PC Keith Henry BLAKELOCK (Wt No 176050) murdered during serious public disorder at Broadwater Farm, Tottenham (Awards for bravery - Police Order 23 August 1988).
DC John William FORDHAM stabbed while keeping surveillance on a suspected bullion receiver at West Kingsdown, Kent.
Reinforced ‘Bowler’ hat uniform introduced for female officers.
|1986||Identification Parade screens introduced at Clapham Police Station.
Greater London Council disbanded.
The Metropolitan Police Mounted Branch celebrated its 150th anniversary.
Jan: The Police and Criminal Evidence Act came into force.
Jan 30: New Police Station opened at 25 Brick Lane E1 (HR).
Jan 13: Police at Heathrow Airport armed with 9mm Heckler and Koch MP5 machine guns.
Jun: Broad Street (City) terminus closed (opened 1865).
Jun 29: Dissolution of Districts (Police Order 3 June 1986).
Uniform: Introduction of two-letter divisional identification on epaulettes.
|1987||PC Ronan Konrad McCLOSKEY killed while clinging to a car which drove off after he attempted to administer a breath test to the driver in Kilburn.
Commissioner Sir Kenneth NEWMAN retired. Succeeded by Sir Peter IMBERT.
David Henry Jephson HILARY appointed Receiver.
Jan: Hammersmith and Shepherds Bush Divisions amalgamate.
Wapping Newspaper dispute ends.
Jan 12: Special Patrol Group disbanded and reformed as the Territorial Support Groups.
Jun: New Police station opened at Thamesmead Estate.
Jul: Knightsbridge Safe Deposit Robbery.
Oct: Hurricane hits MPD.
Nov: Kings Cross fire.
|1988||The Commissioner stressed the need for close community liaison between the Police and Consultative Groups to foster the police/public partnership.
Licensing Act 1988 - to amend the Licensing Act 1964 ( Police Order 10 August 1988).
Mr Edgar MAYBANKS appointed Chief Commandant of the Metropolitan Police Special Constabulary (until 1994).
Jan: ‘Crime Stoppers’ first introduced.
Nov: Police Convalescent Home opened at Goring-on-Sea. Formerly at Hove.
Dec: 35 killed and 200 injured when 3 trains collided near Clapham Junction.
|1989||The ‘Plus Programme’ launched to improve the corporate image and quality of the service of the Metropolitan Police by Sir Peter IMBERT. It significantly altered attitudes within the service and included the Statement of Common Purpose and Values.
The Metropolitan Police became known as the Metropolitan Police Service.
Jan: New Spelthorne Division formed.
Apr: New Charing Cross Division formed.
Oct: New Belgravia Division formed.
|1990||PC Laurence Peter BROWN killed by suspect with a sawn-off shotgun in Hackney.
Riot in Trafalgar Square mirrored the 1887 riot in the same location.
Height limits removed for police recruits.
May: Force Logo introduced, making Armorial Bearings reserved for formal use (Job 11 May 1990)
|1991||PS Alan Derek KING stabbed by a suspect he stopped in Chingford.
DC James MORRISON stabbed to death after chasing a suspect on Charing Cross Division while off duty.
Sector Policing introduced, involving a team of officers with a continuing responsibility for the same small community area or sector.
Mar: New Plumstead police station opened (Station code changed from RP to RA).
Apr: PSV badges ceased to be issued for the first time since 1838.
Jun: The Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea established its own Parks Constabulary.
Aug: Waterloo Pier Police Station closed to the public
|1992||Graham ANGEL appointed Receiver.
Feb: First 5 year Corporate Strategy published.
Mar: Canary Wharf Police Office opened (HC).
Apr: New Islington Police Station replaces Upper Street (NI).
Sep: Met’s smallest police station, Wellington Arch Police Station, closes (AW).
Nov: The ‘Tank’, the bar at New Scotland Yard, replaced by a gymnasium.
Oct 5: Bow Street Police Station closed as an operational police station and transferred to Charing Cross.
|1993||Commissioner, Sir Peter IMBERT retired. Succeeded by Sir Paul CONDON.
Jan 8: Four figure warrant numbers for female police officers cease at 9994. - now issued with six figures in same sequence as men.
Jan 1: ‘Confidential Informations’ ceased publication. Incorporated into Police Gazette.
Apr 1: Hyde Park Police Station passed over responsibility to the Royal Parks Police.
Jun: Operation Bumblebee introduced and had a considerable impact on burglary in the capital.
Sep: New Belgravia Police Station opened (AB) replacing Rochester Row (AR) and Gerald Row (AL).
Sep 28: The Metropolitan Police Charter was launched by Commissioner Paul Condon, defining the role of the police and public expectations.
Oct: PC Patrick DUNNE shot when responding to a report of gunfire in Clapham.
|1994||Metropolitan Police Service key objectives established for the first time by the Government, plus key performance indicators.
New 22” acrylic straight baton truncheons (hollow and solid) introduced in 1994 as part of Officer Safety Programme.
Jan: Leman St and Bethnal Green amalgamated as ‘Whitechapel’ Division (HT).
Clapham and Kennington Road Amalgamated as ‘Vauxhall’ Division (LX).
Feb 9: PS Derek John Carnie ROBERTSON stabbed when intercepting three armed robbers leaving a post office at New Addington.
Feb: City Road Police Station renamed ‘Shoreditch’ (GD).
Aug 1: Force Reorganisation - Five Areas created (Job volume 27, Issue 685, dated 5 Aug 1994).
Sep: Waterloo International Railway Station opens for business (Euro Tunnel).
Nov 9: Pedal cycles issued (Notices 45/94).
Nov: Orpington and Bromley Police Amalgamated as PY (Bromley).
|1995||PC Phillip John WALTERS shot when dealing with three men for causing a disturbance in Ilford.
Body Armour issued to front line officers.
John Sale BEASTALL appointed Receiver.
Part of Ashford Sector (TPO at Colnbrook and Poyle transferred to Thames Valley Police.
Apr 1: Metropolitan Police Committee formed.
Crime Report Information System (CRIS) introduced and computerised the means of recording crime.
Rank of Chief Superintendent abolished. Ranks of Superintendent Grades I and II reintroduced.
Jun 24: Prisoner Escort to Court Service transferred from the Metropolitan Police to Securicor Custodial Services Ltd after 137 years.
|1996||Philip John FLETCHER appointed Receiver.
‘The London Beat’ published.
Jan: New Traffic Garage opened at Aitkin Road, Catford (TDP) Bemondsey (TDM) reduced to Removals Branch only.
Feb: IRA bomb exploded at South Quay in Docklands, killing 2 and injured many.
The Metropolitan Police Service launched its Website at http://www.met.police.uk.
|1997||PC Nina Alexandra MacKAY stabbed during the course of attempting to detain a man known to be violent towards police at a house in Forest Gate.
Installation of N.A.F.I.S., the National Automatic Fingerprint Identification System.
Aug: CS Spray issued (Notices 33/97).
|1998||The Metropolitan Police launched the Policing Diversity Strategy in response to the majority of issues raised in the enquiry into the death of Stephen LAWRENCE. The aim - to provide better protection to ethnic communities from racial and violent crime and to demonstrate fairness in every aspect of policing.|
|1999||The handling of the Greek Embassy siege demonstrated the professionalism of the Metropolitan Police Service.|
|2000||Commissioner, Sir Paul CONDON retired. Succeeded by Sir John STEVENS.
Jul: Metropolitan Police Authority becomes the Police Authority for the Metropolitan Police instead of Home Secretary. The post of Receiver for the Metropolitan Police District is abolished for police purposes, but continues in operation for the Inner London Magistrates Courts Service for a few more months.
Sir John STEVENS issued his Policing Pledge for Londoners.
|2001||Sep 11: Terrorist attacks in USA using hi-jacked airliners against the World Trade Centre New York, and the Pentagon, Washington create dramatically different world situation. Officers from Scotland Yard assist the New York police in relation to identifying victims and family liaison.
Oct 21: First MPS Memorial Service held to commemorate officers who have died on duty held in the new Garden of Remembrance, Peel Centre, in presence of HM The Queen accompanied by the Commissioner.
|2004||Dec 26: Tsunami in SE Asia. Casualty Bureau at Hendon opens and receives over 17,000 calls per hour, with up to 400 operators employed.|
|2005||Sir Ian Blair becomes Commissioner.
Jul 7: Islamist bomb attacks on 3 London Underground trains and a bus.
Jul 21: Unsuccessful attacks on London’s Tubes and Buses.
|2006||Oct 2: Counter-Terrorist Command (SO15) formed, combining the previous functions of Special Branch and the Anti-Terrorist Branch.
July 14: Bow Street, the Chief Metropolitan Magistrates Court for London, part of the same building as Bow Street Police Station closed and the title of Chief Magistrates Court passed to Horseferry Road Magistrates Court, SW1.
|2007||Jan: Trial of 6 men accused of the July 21 attempted attacks commences.|